辽宁省-学年高一模拟选课第二次联考英语试卷

辽宁省2018-2019学年高一模拟选课第二次联考英语试卷

  一、阅读理解

辽宁省2018-2019学年高一模拟选课第二次联考英语试卷

  Britain’s Beautiful National Parks Offer Lots to See

  Many visitors to the UK go straight to London and never explore outside the capital , which is a pity, for there is a huge variety of landscape only a few hours away, in any one of Britain’s largest areas of protected countryside, its national parks.

  The Cairngorms

  The biggest is the Cairngorms in northern Scotland, with some of the country’s highest mountains and the best place for skiing. Climbing and fishing are also popular, along with Scotland’s national game, golf. Wildlife enthusiasts are well rewarded this is the home of

  the red deer, red squirrel and golden eagle.

  The Lake District

  Over the border in England is the Lake District, originally made famous by local Romantic poet William Wordsworth two hundred years ago. Crowds of people have been travelling here since 1847 when a railway was built to its biggest lake, Windermere. Children’s writers have found inspiration here too, and the mountains make for excellent walking, with breathtaking views.

  Snowdonia

  Wales also has its fair share of very impressive landscape Snowdonia was one of the

  first national parks to be created in 1951. You will find the road signs in two languages and hear Welsh spoken in the local shops. If mountain climbing is not your thing, try visiting a castle built by a 13th-century prince, or check out the nearby beaches.

  The Jurassic Coast

  Covering 95 miles of the coastline from East Devon to Dorset, the Jurassic Coast is just as amazing, with rocks recording 185 million years of the earth’s history. The first underwater dinosaur(恐龙) remains were found in the high rocks here in the early 19th century.

  The Giant’s Causeway

  For the strangest coastal scenery of all, cross the Irish Sea to the Giant’s Causeway. Created 50-60 million years ago, the Giant’s Causeway has been a source of respect, fear and wonder through the ages. So it’s not surprising that all kinds of imaginative stories come from it.

  1.If a person is fond of wild animals, which one is the best choice for him

  A. The CairngormsB. The Lake District

  C. SnowdoniaD. The Giant’s Causeway

  2.What can you learn from the passage

  A. The Lake District is a good place to create works for painting.

  B. Snowdonia is the first national park to be created in Britain.

  C. The first dinosaur remains were found on the Jurassic Coast.

  D. You can get to the Giant’s Causeway by crossing the Irish Sea.

  3.Where is the article most likely to be taken from

  A. A mapB. A newspaper

  C. A science bookD. A textbook

  In Rio , one of the points of attraction is doubtlessly the most famous beach in the world, the Copacabana. When the weather is right the Copa becomes a stage on which everyone can play a part. Rio’s beaches, however, are bad news for swimmers. The surf is so striking. Often careless or over-courageous tourists must be pulled out of the water by a rescue(救援) team. In peak season during January and February, the helicopters of the governmental rescue organization, fly life-saving tasks from sunrise to sunset. Doctors also need to be on board when the control room reports an emergency(突发事件). The doctors and rescuers will do their best with the equipment available on board. If the patient shows no signs of recovery, the rescue team decides to fly him to hospital.

  In Rio, lifesaving is a man’s job. The four-meter-high watchtowers are always manned. Alarm at tower number 5, a woman has swum too far out to sea and can’t make it back to the beach by herself. One minute later the rescue team has reached the Copacabana. From a height of ten meters above the water, Luis Carlos jumps into the sea close to the helpless swimmer. His workmates on board must keep an eye on him so that they can tell the pilot in which position to keep the helicopter. Another man is in the water now to help calm the woman down and get her ready to be airlifted. The pilot must slowly control the helicopter sideways and aim carefully. Once the net is full, the helicopter slowly flies to the beach.

  The air rescue team is back on duty again. In the course of the day, there are eight more emergencies. The daily record at the end of the day reads, “nothing unusual happens.”

  1.Which kind of person is more likely to have an accident in Copacabana

  A. a man who can’t swim

  B. a man who has nothing to worry about

  C. a man who fears the sea

  D. a man who was a doctor

  2.When the rescuer jumps into the sea to help the swimmer in danger, the helicopter will ______

  A. fly to them as close as possible

  B. fly over them and wait for orders

  C. fly slowly to the beach

  D. fly to the hospital

  3.What can we infer from the text

  A. The Copacabana is a bad place for swimmers.

  B. After the rescuers pick up the patient, they will send them to hospital.

  C. If there is no accident, the rescue team will record “nothing unusual happens ”.

  D. The helicopters of the rescue organization will fly tasks day and night.

  When people go to the hospital to have a medical examination, sometimes doctors will ask them to have an X-ray or CT. What about a PET PET stands for Positron Emission.

  Tomography(正电子成像素). PET scanner(s 扫描仪)create 3-D images of what is happening in the body. Scientists are devloping this medical equipment that could tell them more about the human body, and help them develop more-effective treatments for cancer, heart disease and brain disorders. It would be the world’s first full-body PET scanner.

  Researchers are calling the large scanner that they are developing Explorer. It will give medical workers images of what is happening in the whole human body that have never been seen before. PET scanners now give doctors images of only parts of the body.

  The U.S National Institutes of Health gave a research team at the University of California at Davis $ 15.5 million to build the scanner.

  Ramsey Badawi, a professor at UC Davis, says the scanner will give researchers new information about how human organs (器官)work together.

  “We’re a system of organs and all the organs interact with each other. And we’ve never really been able to get that with imaging before, and now we’re going to be able to look at that. These images help us find out and follow diseases. The new scanner will help us do that even better.”

  Simon Cherry, another professor at UC Davis, says the PET scans can show the progress of both disease and medical treatments. “With PET scans we’re looking at function. We’re actually able to say something about what the cells in the body are doing. He says the Explorer uses a much lower amount of radiation(辐射)than today’s PET tests, and creates images more quickly. “So we can do scans in maybe 30 seconds that now take 20 minutes. Or we do scans under a very small radiation.”

  A complete view could help researchers develop new medicines that target diseases and parts of the body. It could help doctors reduce harmful side effects by following the movement of medicines through the body.

  The researchers hope to test the Explorer with humans in three years.

  1.What is the most obvious advantage of Explorer about the image it produces

  A. It will give doctors images of human organs.

  B. It can offer doctors images of the whole human body.

  C. It will give doctors images of only parts of the body.

  D. It will give doctors images of better quality.

  2.What does the word “It” mean in the last but one paragraph

  A. The bodyB. A new medicine

  C. A complete viewD. A disease

  3.What’s the author’s attitude toward Explorer

  A. DoubtfulB. Positive

  C. SupportiveD. Objective

  4.What’s the main idea of the passage

  A. PET scanners create 3-D images.

  B. Doctors will develop more effective treatments for cancer.

  C. The world’s first PET scanner will be put into use.

  D. A full-body PET scanner is being developed.

  二、七选五

  How to Build the Skill of Understanding People

  It’s not always easy to predict or understand how someone else feels. Some people are better at it than others, but just about everyone can improve with practice.1..

  It starts with watching.

  Try these ways to develop your observation skills.

  2. Next time you’re at the cafe, or on the bus, try this: Look around and try to identify how people might be feeling based on their body language, facial expressions, and what they’re doing. The girl with the textbooks on her knee might have an exam coming up.Does she seem confident or stressed

  Read books or watch movies that have realistic descriptions of human emotions. 3. Try to understand why the characters feel the way they do. Based on those emotions, predict what a character will do next. Or see if you can explain why a charater did what he or she did.

  It improves with listening.

  Most of us rate ourselves as good listeners after all, listening seems like such a simple, basic thing to do. But often we’re so busy thinking of what we want to say that we don’t listen as much as we’d like.

  Practice listening well in everyday conversations.4. Train yourself to think of listening as more important than talking.

  Tune in to feelings as well as story. When a friend tells you about something, try to imagine how he or she might have felt. Make statements that show you’re trying to understand your friend’s experience, like: “Oh, that must have felt amazing!” or “That must be upsetting for you.”5.

  A. Observe what people around you like.

  B. Observe the behavior of people around you.

  C. Here are some tips for you to share the skill.

  D. Pay attention to how different characters feel and act.

  E. Really pay attention to what the other person is saying.

  F. Understanding others is all about watching and listening.

  G. You might find you can predict what your friend will say next.

  三、完形填空

  Within five minutes of meeting Olivia Ports, I knew she was a special teenager.

  I knew before she_____ her guitar and performed a song. I knew before I found out how a(n)___ she was born with changed her childhood. And I knew before her mother told me Olivia performed recently in front of 1,200 people.

  In addition to her________musical talents, Olivia is just so friendly, funny and _______to those who made her first show such a success. “She doesn’t want the story to be about her,” said Olivia’s mother. But like all children______ chronic (慢性的) diseases, the “journey she has been on has made her stronger.” Olivia admits she’s not like many kids of her age. ___herself as a “little bit crazy”, she acts older than she is. She was born with a compromised immune system (缺乏抵抗力的'免疫系统). When she realized she would have to____her beloved gymnastics, she took up her mom’s old high school guitar and ________herself to play. “I had to have something to do with so much_______time,” she said. It was during a hospital visit that she met Classical Blast, a popular band that invited Olivia to____them as a guest performer on their Christmas____. Their encouragement gave her the courage to begin playing at public____in the area, and she was soon a regular on stage. It was yet another treatment that____her most recent performance. Recovering in her room for 15 days last Christmas, Olivia saw first-hand “how sad it can be” for children to be in hospital during the ___. That’s why this year, Olivia decided to do a benefit(义演), asking guests to bring a toy that could be taken to young _______.

  Speaking of her future, the high school senior plans to _______a year off after graduation. She wants to______for college with the goal of opening a music school for those with health ___. When you_______your life with things you love,” she said, “it makes every day more____.”

  1.A. put awayB. took overC. picked upD. set down

  2.A. conditionB. positionC. environmentD. reality

  3.A. amusingB. entertainingC. delightfulD. impressive

  4.A. gracefulB. gratefulC. addictedD. appreciated

  5.A. fightingB. beatingC. defeatingD. winning

  6.A. ReferringB. ThinkingC. DescribingD. Observing

  7.A. banB. avoidC. replaceD. abandon

  8.A. helpedB. servedC. influencedD. taught

  9.A. offB. downC. outD. up

  10.A. recognizeB. interviewC. joinD. affect

  11.A. tripB. tourC. travelD. journey

  12.A. albumsB. eventsC. cafesD. thrillers

  13.A. led toB. lay inC. split upD. put into

  14.A. seasonsB. wintersC. holidaysD. years

  15.A. singersB. audienceC. performersD. patients

  16.A. setB. takeC. putD. turn

  17.A. askB. payC. waitD. head

  18.A. insurancesB. challengesC. productsD. symptoms

  19.A. fillB. pushC. setD. mix

  20.A. challengingB. complexC. meaningfulD. powerful

  四、语法填空

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  When it comes to Chinese students considering studying in foreign countries, many of them usually believe that life will be easy and enjoyable.1. (fortunate), it’s likely that students with those beliefs will be disappointed soon after landing at the airport. So what are the problems you may have, and how can you deal with them Teaching and learning styles in America are very different from 2. in China, 3. requires more critical thinking and cooperation. Discussions, or sometimes 4. (argue), are very common in a normal American classroom. Don’t be5. observer. Try to participate 6. them actively. Apart from coursework, another important issue faced by overseas students is homesickness or loneliness. You may miss your parents’ cooking, your pets, or even your bed. Being away from home can create bitter feelings, especially when 7. (face) with the challenges of getting used to an unfamiliar environment. What I suggest is to try hard to deal with these feelings. Be open to new friendships, 8. they can’t replace the family and friends you miss from home. Sign up for campus activities, and give yourself permission to enjoy life on campus, even if you miss home a lot. Be organized and keep a diary to check your progress.

  It is never simple 9. (study) abroad. In fact, there will be many difficulties daily.

  But hopefully, students who are studying abroad, or who are planning to, 10. (get) over their difficulties and make their time overseas a success.

  五、提纲类作文

  假设你是李华, 今天下午在回家的公交车上, 你不慎将从留学生 Steve 那里借来的一本英语小说弄丢了。 请你给你写一封电子邮件表示歉意并提出弥补措施。

  注意:

  1. 词数 80 左右;

  2. 首尾句已经给出,不计入总词数。

  Dear Steve,

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  六、读后续写

  阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

  I am a mother of three and have recently completed my college degree.

  The last class I had to take was Sociology(社会学). The teacher was absolutely inspiring with the qualities that I wish every human had been graced with. Her last project of the term was called “Smile.” The class was asked to go out and smile at three people and document their reactions.

  I am a very friendly person and always smile at everyone and say hello anyway, so, I thought this would be a piece of cake. Soon after we were given the project, my husband, youngest son, and I went out to McDonald’s one cold March morning. It was just our way of sharing special playtime with our son. We were standing in line, waiting to be served, when all of a sudden everyone around us began to back away, and then even my husband did.

  I did not move a bit… a strong feeling of fear welled up inside of me as I turned to see why they had moved. As I turned around I smelled a terrible “dirty body” smell, and there standing behind me were two poor homeless men. As I looked down at the short gentleman, close to me, he was “smiling”. His beautiful sky blue eyes were full of hope as he searched for acceptance.

  He said, “Good day” as he counted the few coins he had been holding. The second man was obviously mentally disabled. I held my tears as I stood there with them.

  The young lady at the counter asked him what they wanted. He said, “Coffee is all, Miss,” because that was all they could afford (If they wanted to sit in the restaurant and warm up, they had to buy something. He just wanted to be warm.)

  Then I really felt it the desire was so great I almost reached out and hugged the little man with the blue eyes.

  注意:

  (1) 所续写短文的词数应为 l50 左右;

  (2) 至少使用 5 个短文中标有下划线的关键词语:

  (3) 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

  (4) 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

  Paragraph 1:That is when I noticed all eyes in the restaurant were set on me, judging my every action.

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Paragraph 2: I turned in “my project” and the instructor read it.

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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