广西桂林市届高三4月综合能力检测一模英语试卷

广西桂林市2019届高三4月综合能力检测一模英语试卷

  一、阅读理解

广西桂林市2019届高三4月综合能力检测一模英语试卷

  Application Workshop

  Join Citizens Committee for New York City and the NYC Department of Sanitation for a workshop on the Green Team Mini-Grant application on February 2, which lasts from 4:00 PM to 5:30 PM!

  The workshop will cover

  ·Applying for the Green Team Mini-Grant

  ·How to use the Zero Waste schools website

  Creative Coding

  We are hosting a free design workshop just for girls on March 7 from 4:30 PM to 6:00 PM, in support of International Women’s Day! The focus of the workshop is on Creative Coding, with art and technology, but we’ll also have a few female designers to share their unique work with the attendees.

  No experience necessary, this event is for girls between the ages of 9-12.

  SAT & ACT Roadmap to Success

  In this free 1-hour workshop, parents will discover the road map to SAT & ACT success. Topics included: Review of “goal scores” for SAT/ACT college admissions, national trends in college admissions, how to determine whether the SAT or the ACT is the best test for your student, steps to prepare for the Sat or ACT, best time to take the Sat or ACT. Join us on March 23.

  Square School Family Information Night

  Join us for our Family Information Night on March 14! We’ll gather at the future home for Square School for an introduction to the school model at 6:30pm.

  This event is intended for families with young people entering grades six or seven in 20xx that want to be a part of a school community that attaches importance to a lifestyle of learning. Join us for this Family Information Night to see if Square School is the right choice for your family.

  1.Which activity offers information about tests

  A. Creative CodingB. SAT & ACT Roadmap to Success

  C. Public School Green Team Mini-GrantD. Square School Family Information Night

  2.What is special about Creative Coding

  A. It is a free workshop.B. It takes place in March.

  C. It is hosted by females.D. It is designed for girls.

  3.Who might be interested in Family Information Night

  A. Designers.B. Teachers.

  C. Parents.D. Students.

  When returning to south-western Germany, where my parents live, it is compulsory for me to go on a hike to connect with nature and reconnect with myself. So, that is exactly what I did the first sunny Sunday back in the beautiful Black Forest. The Huzenbacher See is a tarn in the middle of the northern Black Forest with abundant nature surrounding it. Approaching it after a good hour walk, I saw fascinating blue dragonflies in quantity that attracted us by the way they flew around. They didn’t stand still for a photo, as they landed on leaves for a split second. We were also surprised at the yellow water lilies that can be seen floating on its surface between June and July.

  Sitting down at one of the benches surrounding the lake for a picnic was satisfying in two ways. I was aware of the world’s beauty that gave me the energy to continue up the mountain to reach the most amazing view looking over the lake. The other was to really fill myself up in order to continue the adventure adequately, full up on some snacks and refreshing water from the well.

  The hike up wasn’t as hard as expected and a good path was provided with dirty rocks and slippery stones all under the shade of the tall trees. This took about an hour and a half until reaching the beautiful view of the lake and land below. Once we had taken in the astonishing views, the walk back down took another hour or so, making the hike a 3-to4-hour round trip, which was well worth it!

  Simply being back in the Black Forest and having such pleasant hikes is definitely good for the soul and I highly recommend getting yourself outside, be it in the Black Forest or anywhere outdoors. Get your intake of vitamin D and, most importantly, take in the moments that nature has to offer.

  1.What does the underlined word “tarn” in paragraph I refer to

  A. Tree.B. Tower.

  C. LakeD. Village.

  2.How did the author feel when sitting on the bench

  A. Tired.B. Content.

  C. Surprised.D. Excited.

  3.What did the author call on people to do

  A. Take vitamin D pills.B. Love and protect nature.

  C. Save the soul and be yourself.D. Go outdoors and get close to nature.

  4.According to the author, being back in the Black Forest and having pleasant hikes does good to one’s ________.

  A. healthB. spirit

  C. characterD. experience

  Learning how to face silence in conversation is an important skill, especially when working across cultures.

  In international negotiations, experienced negotiator (谈判者) stay silent and impassive on purpose because that will make others feel uncomfortable and possibly make compromises without having to do anything. Americans especially can’t stand silence, so they often are the first to break the silence and sometimes might be at a disadvantage in negotiations.

  So, what’s the best response Set your jaw and wait it out. Don’t offer a compromise just because they are not speaking. If you have to say something, ask a direct question, such as “What’s your initial reaction to that offer” Once a silence is getting into 45 seconds you could say, “Let’s come back to that in a minute and go on with the next part of our negotiation.”

  In presentations, silence can be far more effective than dramatic passion (热情). Before starting, look at the audience and be silent for a moment because that says, “I’m in control. I know what I’m doing. I’m confident.”

  A classic example was when Apple co-founder Steve Jobs launched the first iPhone. He introduced with many pauses so that you didn’t miss his key points. Because silence makes us nervous, our natural reaction is that we’d better pay attention, there’s something going on here.

  Equally, when giving a speech to staff or trainees, pauses count-especially if there are negatives. If you keep talking you’re spoon feeding. Give people a moment of silence to get beyond the emotional response and to start thinking consciously and processing.

  Silence can be an inward-focused thoughtful activity or an outward stillness where you give yourself the time to watch and think and listen to the world around you. Having observed the use of silence in Finland and also among the Blackfeet Nation, a North American Indian tribe in northern Montana in the US, we can see benefits far beyond wheeling and dealing.

  Silence can be a very powerful point for understanding ourselves, understanding others, for developing better common understanding and more productive outcomes and that applies to business, politics, education, law, medicine, every area of human life.

  1.What is most likely to be Americans idea

  A. Speaking less gives the upper hand.B. The shorter talking gaps are, the better.

  C. A silent man is the best one to listen to.D. Speak out what you have in your mind.

  2.What is the purpose of the example of Steve Jobs

  A. To show the wisdom of Steve Jobs.

  B. To explain silence can be more effective.

  C. To introduce how to make a presentation.

  D. To prove silence can ease one’s nervousness.

  3.What is the meaning of the underlined words “spoon feeding” in Paragraph 6

  A. Supporting some person with any selfless help.

  B. Feeding somebody patiently with a small spoon.

  C. Giving others some new ideas to think over carefully.

  D. Using a way that discourages independent thought.

  4.What is the main idea of the passage

  A. Silence is the best defense.

  B. Silence in negotiations is of great help.

  C. Learning the skills about silence is important.

  D. Silence has different meanings in difficult culture.

  Studying the DNA of 300 mice has flagged up genes which have been linked to hereditary (遗传的) sight loss for the first time. Researchers say because mice’s genes are so similar to humans’, their findings could lead to the treatment of more genetic diseases.

  Scientists at the University of California, Davis studied information from a data bank of mice’s genetic material. They found 347 genes linked to eye problems, with just 86 of them having been studied in the past.

  Only around 50 to 75 percent of hereditary eye diseases in human can be explained with present science. The researchers believe these hundreds of new genes found in mice could be a key to explaining-and therefore being able to treat the other 25-50 percent.

  “This is extremely valuable for people with hereditary eye disease,” said researcher Professor Ala Moshiri. “All researchers are going to start using these data. In the past, we knew the problem was there but we didn’t know where to look. Now eye centers can call back patients and screen them for these new genes. We expected that more and more of these genetic diseases will be treatable.” Also, the fact is that more than 60 percent of eye problems at birth are ones resulting from the baby’s parents!

  Thanks to data from the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC), which is trying to work out what every single gene in a mouse is responsible for, with the aim of translating it to humans, scientists are moving closer to figuring out all genetic causes of blindness. To do this, scientists separate a single gene from other ones at a time and then observe what effect it has on the mouse for a long time. This has so far been done more than 7,000 times and has achieved great success. Researchers are now working alongside eye care centers in Texas and Iowa in order to compare the mice’s genes to those of patients.

  1.How many hereditary-sight-loss-related genes were newly found

  A. 86.B. 261.

  C. 300.D. 347.

  2.Why is the percentage of genetic eye problems mentioned in paragraph 3

  A. To show the significance of studying mice’s genes.

  B. To prove mice’s genes are similar to humans’.

  C. To warn the high risk level of suffering them.

  D. To explain how common they are among people.

  3.What should scientists do first to unlock secrets of genetic blindness

  A. Compare humans’ genes with mice’s.

  B. Recognize each gene’s role of humans.

  C. Set apart a gene of a mouse each time.

  D. Figure out each gene’s function of a mouse.

  4.What can be a suitable title for the text

  A. New Ways to Cure Sight Loss

  B. Genes Found Behind Eye Problems

  C. Genetic Diseases Discovered in Mice

  D. Humans Genes Causing Eye Diseases

  二、七选五

  Whether you’re flying to an island paradise or traveling for business, these packing tips will help you minimize time and maximize space.

  Start with the right-sized suitcase

  1.. But if you can’t travel light, it’s best to choose a bag that can easily accommodate everything you need. Trying to force a full suitcase to shut is a waste of time and energy, especially since you may return with even more stuff, if you like to buy souvenirs.

  Lay everything out before starting

  Lay everything you’re taking out on the bed, so you can see exactly what you need to pack and spot any missing items promptly. 2.. For folded items, putting layers of tissue between each item will cut down on wrinkles.

  3.

  Begin by putting rolled items in a layer at the bottom of your suitcase. Cushion fragile items like perfume bottles in the middle. Plan to put items you need on arrival at the top end of the case. 4.

  Finish with a large top layer

  Lastly, lay a large item like a towel over the tops and tuck it in around the sides. 5.. It’s much easier to close the zipper if you don’t have items like belts or laces.

  A. Pack your suitcase in layers

  B. Then fold or roll each item of clothing

  C. Take a moment to assess your needs for this trip

  D. So they’ll be easy to find when you need them

  E. For a short trip, a small carry-on bag is ideal

  F. Get everything ready before you start the actual packing

  G. This will stop items from sliding around during the journey

  三、完形填空

  A friend was cast in The Sound of Music. Tim suggested our daughters might enjoy being a ______ of the musical.

  “You can try out for the band,” he said.

  “No, I’m trying out for the show.” I answered. But there was one problem with my ______: I’d never been in a musical. And I’d never sung ______.

  My daughters wanted to ______, so we memorized show tunes and prepared to audition (试镜). As our audition ______, I felt nervous and wanted to give up. But I knew ______ would set a bad example.

  “Whether you’re ______ or not isn’t important-doing your best is who ______,” I’d been telling them. Now I had to live it.

  I walked into the audition. To say I was ______ would be an understatement. After all, my last audition had been in high school. I sang my song, trying to look confident. My daughters did a good ______. Then we waited for the result. The good news is that we all ______ it! Not only was I cast-I was a lead!

  To prepare, I ______ to the cat, the shower and the dishes when alone, I knew I’d have to get over my ______of performing in public. After all, this’d be my first time to sing in public. I was a little nervous.

  I told friends and family about the ______. I didn’t want the theater to be ______, but I didn’t necessarily want it packed either. ______, if it were full, I preferred to fill it myself with ______ faces.

  The show was successful. Friends and acquaintances all ______ us. After that experience, I ______ more auditions and even learned to enjoy singing on stage. And I filled my life with the sound of ______.

  1.A. directorB. makerC. roleD. singer

  2.A. declarationB. suggestionC. judgmentD. production

  3.A. secretlyB. loudlyC. irresponsiblyD. publicly

  4.A. try outB. catch onC. try onD. set off

  5.A. endedB. approachedC. failedD. continued

  6.A. lyingB. quittingC. cheatingD. talking

  7.A. foundB. paidC. castD. forgiven

  8.A. mattersB. remainsC. happensD. works

  9.A. happyB. curiousC. nervousD. disappointed

  10.A. favorB. jobC. deedD. survey

  11.A. gotB. madeC. caughtD. reached

  12.A. spokeB. smiledC. dancedD. sang

  13.A. lazinessB. urgeC. shortcomingD. fear

  14.A. showB. troubleC. bandD. experience

  15.A. largeB. noisyC. emptyD. quiet

  16.A. BesidesB. ThereforeC. AnyhowD. However

  17.A. newB. attractiveC. friendlyD. similar

  18.A. welcomedB. noticedC. supportedD. congratulated

  19.A. organizeB. bravedC. watchedD. analyzing

  20.A. musicB. lifeC. hopeD. future

  四、语法填空

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Researchers examined the benefits of singing among people with mental health conditions 1. (include) anxiety and depression.

  They found people who took part in a community singing group improved their mental health and that the combination of singing and socialising was an important part of 2. (recover).

  The grassroots action runs weekly singing workshops for the people 3. mental health conditions as well as the general public. It 4. (original) began at a hospital in 20xx, 5. afterwards moved into the community. Around 120 people now attend four free workshops each week across Norfolk, two thirds of 6. have had contact with mental health services.

  The research project followed the group for six months and 7. (undertake) interviews and focus groups with participants, organisers, and workshop 8. (leader).

  The report shows how singing and socialising gave participants 9. feeling of belonging and wellbeing that often lasted a day or 10. (many), as well as improved social skills and confidence.

  五、短文改错

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的`词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  When I was eight, my father bought me the new bike for my birthday. My brother offered to teach me how to ride. At first, they rode and let me watching. Then he explained me the skills of controlling the bike. Still puzzling, I got on the bike, but it doesn’t move as expected. I lost my balance and fall off the bike. At once I burst into tear because I saw blood on the ground. While I stood up, my left leg hurt bad. Later, I learned to ride a bike. But this experience told me that though some lessons were painful to learn them, yet we could benefit a lot.

  六、开放性作文

  假设你是李华,你校学生会计划组织一次讲座,内容有关你校外教Smith在纽约孔子学院学习中国书法的经历。请你给Smith写封电子邮件,内容包括:

  1. 介绍活动内容和目的;

  2. 告知时间、地点、讲座的时长、听众的人数;

  3. 提出邀请。

  注意:1. 词数:100左右;

  2. 可适当增加细节和发挥,使行文连贯。

  参考词汇:孔子学院: Confucius Institute;中国书法: Chinese calligraphy

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